Affect Regulation: An individual's ability to regulate their affect/mood. This is an important topic for parents because research shows that a parent's ability to regulate their affect/mood is related to their child's attachment style. Better regulation of affect/mood has been linked to a better attachment between parent and child.

Attachment: This is the relationship between parent and child. This is an important topic for parents because research shows that the attachment between parent and child is predictive of an individual's functioning across the lifespan.

Discipline: This is a parent's strategy for shaping a child's behavior in a desired direction. Research shows that some discipline techniques are effective while others are ineffective. In addition, research shows that effective techniques for discipline may be different for children with different characteristics.

Immediate Gratification: The drive to fulfill a desire immediately. Research shows that the amount of time a child is able to delay gratification is related to more successful outcomes later in childhood and beyond. 

Resiliency: The ability of a child to deal with stressors and overcome hardships. Research has investigated the child characteristics, parenting variables, and social factors linked with resiliency.

Temperament: This is the predisposition a child is born with. Research has revealed that the impact of parenting techniques and the optimal parenting techniques may differ depending on the child's temperament. 


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